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Degradation Behaviour of Gamma Irradiated Poly(Acrylic Acid)-graft-Chitosan Superabsorbent Hydrogel

Barleany, Dhena Ria and Ilhami, Alpin and Yudanto, Dea Yusuf and Erizal, Erizal (2017) Degradation Behaviour of Gamma Irradiated Poly(Acrylic Acid)-graft-Chitosan Superabsorbent Hydrogel. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. ISSN 1757-899X (e ISSN)

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A series of superabsorbent hydrogels were prepared from chitosan and partially neutralized acrylic acid at room temperature by gamma irradiation technique. The effect of irradiation and chitosan addition to the degradation behaviour of polymer were investigated. The gel content, swelling capacity, Equillibrium Degree of Swelling (EDS), Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) study were also performed. Natural degradation in soil and thermal degradation by using of TGA analysis were observed. The variation of chitosan compositions were 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2 g and the total irradiation doses were 5, 10, 15, and 20 kGy. The highest water capacity of 583.3 g water/g dry hydrogel was resulted from 5 kGy total irradiation dose and 0,5 g addition of chitosan. From the thermal degradation evaluation by using of TGA analysis showed that irradiation dose did not give a significant influence to the degradation rate. The rate of thermal degradation was ranged between 2.42 to 2.55 mg/min. In the natural test of degradation behaviour by using of soil medium, the hydrogel product with chitosan addition was found to have better degradability compared with the poly(acrylic acid) polymer without chitosan.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Divisions: 03-Fakultas Teknik > 24201-Jurusan Teknik Kimia
Depositing User: ST., M.Eng Dhena Ria Barleany
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2023 13:52
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2023 13:52

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