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Synthesis of Spinel-Hydroxyapatite Composite Utilizing Bovine Bone and Beverage Can

Pramono, Agus (2022) Synthesis of Spinel-Hydroxyapatite Composite Utilizing Bovine Bone and Beverage Can. Crystals, 12 (96).

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Spinel-based hydroxyapatite composite (SHC) has been synthesized utilizing bovine bones as the source of the hydroxyapatite (HAp) and beverage cans as the aluminum (Al) source. The bovine bones were defatted and calcined in the air atmosphere to transform them into hydroxyapatite. The beverage cans were cut and milled to obtain fine Al powder and then sieved to obtain three different particle mesh size fractions: +100#, −140# + 170#, and −170#, or Al particle size of >150, 90–150, and <90 µm, respectively. The SHC was synthesized using the self-propagating intermediate-temperature synthesis (SIS) method at 900 ◦C for 2 h with (HAp:Al:Mg) ratio of (87:10:3 wt.%) and various compaction pressure of 100, 171, and 200 MPa. It was found that the mechanical properties of the SHC are influenced by the Al particle size and the compaction pressure. Smaller particle size produces the tendency of increasing the hardness and reducing the porosity of the composite. Meanwhile, increasing compaction pressure produces a reduction of the SHC porosity. The increase in the hardness is also observed by increasing the compaction pressure except for the smallest Al particle size (<90 µm), where the hardness instead becomes smaller.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: hydroxyapatite composite; spinel; beverage cans; bovine bones
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy
Divisions: 03-Fakultas Teknik > 27201-Jurusan Teknik Metalurgi
Depositing User: Perpustakaan FT
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2022 14:11
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2022 11:04

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