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Tracking Criminal Actions on Drug Consumption on Campus with Wastewater-Based

asphianto, aan (2021) Tracking Criminal Actions on Drug Consumption on Campus with Wastewater-Based. Eximia Journal, 2 (1). pp. 63-71. ISSN 2784-0735

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Wastewater based epidemiology is applied to estimate the crime of narcotics consumption, twelve narcotics on campus. Seven consecutive 24-hour composite raw wastewater samples (n=10) were obtained once a month from sampling locations that captured > 95% of campus wastewater. The samples were analyzed for indicators of consumption of morphine, codeine, oxycodone, heroin, fentanyl, methadone, buprenorphine, amphetamines, methylphenidate, alprazolam, cocaine, and MDMA using LC-MS/MS. Eleven indicator compounds (oxycodone, codeine, norcodeine, 6-acetylmorphine, EDDP, amphetamine, alprazolam, alpha hydroxyalprazolam, cocaine, benzoylecgonine, and MDMA) occurred at a detection frequency of 100% across studies, followed by morphine-3-glucuronide (98%), noroxycodone (95%), methylphenidate (90%), heroin (7%), norfentanyl (7%), and fentanyl (5%). Estimates of average drug consumption are classified as follows in mg/day/1000 persons: heroin (474 ± 32), cocaine (551 ± 49), amphetamines (256 ± 12), methylphenidate (236 ± 28), methadone (72 ± 8), oxycodone (80 ± 6), alprazolam (60 ± 2), MDMA (88 ± 35), codeine (50 ± 4), and morphine (18 ± 3). This study of criminal acts against narcotics trafficking in campus resulted in basic data on 12 narcotics for campus and demonstrated for the first time the feasibility of detecting metabolites.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crime, Narcotics Consumption, Wastewater-based Epidemiology
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
Divisions: 01-Fakultas Hukum > 74201-Program Studi Ilmu Hukum
Depositing User: Dr aan asphianto
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2023 08:33
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2023 08:33

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